Pho Noodles with Beef, Hanoi Style

This image courtesy of Joseph DeLeo

Consider pho, a small word for a big bowl of noodles in soup. The soup is clear; delicate, and redolent of cinnamon, star anise, and ginger. The noodles swirl just below the surface of the steaming broth, barely visible beneath slices of beef, slivers of onion, and a tumble of crisp bean sprouts. A miniscule mountain of aromatic herbs, big green slices of chili, and a chunk of lime attend the bowl, for seasoning everything just so. Pho gives nourishment and pleasure to anyone who sits down to enjoy a bowl. For Vietnamese people far from home, eating pho can set things right, restore the spirit, touch the heart. Pho is a small word for a big, steaming, herb-laden bowl of comfort food. This recipe provides a blueprint for a streamlined home version of pho. It involves a few steps, but none of them is difficult, and with good company and several pairs of hands, everything can be ready in under an hour. Pho takes a little more time than some dishes, but it gives you a memorable, delicious reward.



Recipe CourseMain Course

Dietary ConsiderationEgg-free, Lactose-free, Low-fat, Peanut Free, Tree Nut Free

MealDinner, Lunch


Taste and TextureHerby, Hot & Spicy, Meaty, Spiced, Tart

Type of DishHot Soup


  • 8 cups chicken broth
  • 1 pound round steak, sliced crosswise into 1-inch strips
  • 3 cinnamon sticks
  • 3 whole cloves
  • 3 star anise
  • 1 unpeeled medium onion, quartered lengthwise
  • ½ cup peeled and very coarsely chopped fresh ginger
  • ½ pound linguine-width dried rice noodles, often labeled banh pho
  • 2 tablespoons fish sauce
  • 1 teaspoon sugar
  • ½ teaspoon salt
  • 3 cups bean sprouts
  • 1 cup very thinly sliced onion or shallots
  • 1 cup coarsely chopped fresh Asian basil, cilantro, or mint, of a combination
  • ½ cup thinly sliced green onion
  • ¼ cup freshly squeezed lime juice
  • 2 fresh jalapeno chilies, cut diagonally into thin ovals
  • 1¼ pounds boneless rib-eye, strip, or flank steak


  1. To prepare the broth, combine the chicken broth, sliced round steak, cinnamon sticks, cloves, and star anise in a stockpot or a very large saucepan. Bring to a gentle boil over medium-high heat.

  2. Meanwhile, brown the onion and ginger to bring out their flavor: heat a large skillet over medium-high heat until very hot, about 1 minute. Add the quartered onion and ginger and let them cook on one surface until handsomely browned but not burnt. Turn and sear the other surface, and continue cooking until all the pieces are well browned and fragrant. Add the charred onion and ginger to the stockpot, and let everything boil gently for 1 hour.

  3. While the broth is cooking, soften the rice nooidles by immersing them in a medium bowl of warm water until they become flexible and bright white, 15 to 20 minutes. Drain well and set aside.

  4. Remove the broth from the heat, and stir in the fish sauce, sugar, and salt. Strain the broth into a large saucepan, discarding all the solids. Or, if you are preparing your pho in advance, strain the broth into a storage container instead. Let it cool to room temperature, cover, and refrigerate for up to 2 days.

  5. About 30 minutes before you plan to serve the dish, prepare the noodles, boneless beef, and accompaniments. Place the bean sprouts, sliced onion, fresh herbs, green onion, lime juice, and chilies near 4 big Asian-style noodle bowls, pasta plates, or soup bowls in which you will serve the broth. Bring a large saucepan of water to a rolling boil over high heat for the noodles. Meanwhile, pour the broth into a saucepan, bring it to a gentle boil over medium-high heat, and adjust the heat to maintain a lively simmer. Cut the steak in half crosswise, put both pieces in the simmering broth, and cook for 10 minutes, or until medium-rare. Transfer the steak to a cutting board, slice into thin, bite-sized strips, and set aside.

  6. Shortly before serving, cook the noodles: Drop the softened rice noodles into the boiling water, remove from the heat, and let stand for 10 minutes, stirring once or twice to separate any noodle clumps into strands. Meanwhile, bring the simmering broth to a rolling boil.

  7. Drain the noodles well, and quickly divide them up among the 4 bowls (about 1 cup per bowl). Top each noodle bowl with one-fourth of the sliced steak, bean sprouts, onion, herbs, green onion, lime juice, and chilies. Ladle hot broth (about 1½ cups) over the noodles in each bowl, and serve at once. Be sure to provide each guest with a fork or chopsticks, and an Asian soup spoon or a large spoon.


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