Green Papaya Salad

Updated February 23, 2016
This image courtesy of Joseph DeLeo

All over the Thai kingdom, this cool, sharp, spicy, crunchy, and crazy salad has folks lined up, waiting patiently for the som tum vendor. Stiff shreds of unripe papaya, wilted in a mortar by blows from a sturdy pestle and dressed with an essence of fish sauce, lime juice, tomatoes, and sugar, goes with sticky rice, with garlicky grilled chicken, with anything Issahn, and with nothing but a spoon. Composed salads have their place, but give me som tum, that pungent little haystack of Thai flavor explosion. If you do not have a mighty mortar and pestle, do not despair. 1 have suggested one easy way to subdue the shreds and work in the seasonings, and you may think of more. You can serve som tum on the side like cole slaw, or with lettuce cups or small leaves for scooping it up and eating it out of hand.




Total Timeunder 30 minutes

OccasionCasual Dinner Party

Recipe Coursecold appetizer

Dietary Considerationegg-free, healthy, low-fat

Equipmentmortar and pestle

Taste and Texturecrunchy, fruity, garlicky, hot & spicy, nutty, savory, tangy

Type of Dishsalad


  • 1 tablespoon coarsely chopped garlic
  • 1 tablespoon dried shrimp (optional)
  • 1 to 2 teaspoons coarsely chopped fresh hot green chilies, such as Thai chilies, serranos, or jalapenos
  • 1½ cups shredded green papaya, or 1 cup shredded cabbage plus ½ cup shredded carrots
  • 12 green beans or 3 Asian yard-long beans, trimmed to 1-inch lengths
  • 2 tablespoons fish sauce
  • 1 tablespoon freshly squeezed lime juice
  • 2 teaspoons palm sugar or sugar
  • 6 to 8 cherry tomatoes, halved
  • 2 tablespoons coarsely chopped roasted, salted peanuts


To prepare using a mortar and pestle, combine the garlic, dried shrimp (if using), and chilies in a large, heavy mortar and use the pestle to pound and grind them to a very coarse paste.

Add the papaya and green beans, pounding, scraping, and turning with a spoon now and then, for 1 to 2 minutes, until the papaya shreds are wilting and seasoned and beans are somewhat smashed.

If you do not have a large mortar and pestle, use a rolling pin. Mince the garlic and chilies and place them in a medium bowl along with the dried shrimp. Spread the papaya out on your cutting board, and light into it with the rolling pin for a minute or two, pressing down hard, and mowing back and forth. Stop to gather up the shreds, squeeze them, and spread them out again for another pass or two. When the shreds are wilted, transfer them to the bowl.

Repeat with the green beans, pressing down just until they split open and wilt a bit, and then add them to the bowl.

Add the fish sauce, lime juice, and palm sugar to the papaya and use the pestle to press and grind the mixture a little, and a spoon to turn and mix everything well. Or use your hands to squeeze the mixture a few times and work in the seasonings.

Add the cherry tomatoes and peanuts, toss well, and then mound the salad on a small serving platter, juices and all. Serve at room temperature.



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I am a vegetarian and wanted to know if there is a substitute for fish oil i can use and still enjoy this recipe


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