- Course: Main Course
- Skill Level: Moderate
- Cost: Moderate
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Don’t let the word mole scare you away from this recipe – moles being the famous, time-consuming, special-occasion dishes that Mexican make from a huge grocery list of ingredients. Typically, that’s what they are. But this mole – one of the classic seven moles of Oaxaca – is an everyday mole, put together in a matter of minutes rather than hours or days. It offers a satisfying spice-and-herb-tinged yellow-orange sauce (actually, it’s more like thick broth) buoying pieces of tender chicken and fresh vegetables.
Because the dried chile plays a lesser role in yellow mole than it does in, say, the famous mole poblano, I have found it possible to skip its toasting and soaking, saving twenty or thirty minutes. Plus, the traditional thickening of this mole with corn tortilla dough (I use the dehydrated power masa harina in this version) offers a mellowness that rounds out an brought edges the chile may have.
About the hoja santa: No one in Oaxaca would think that a pot of yellow mole was complete without a handful of torn hoja santa leaves added just before serving, but then most cooks have an hoja santa bush near the kitchen window. Though it’s very easy to grow in moderate climates (during the winter in Chicago, I bring mine inside), many of us can’t easily lay our hands on this sarsaparilla-flavored herb. So I say, use cilantro. It’s not the same as hoja santa, but it’s good.
- 4 (1 ounce total) dried guajillo chiles, stemmed and torn into several pieces each
- Half a 15-ounce can diced tomatoes in juice (preferable fire-roasted), drained
- ½ small white onion, cut into 4 pieces
- 2 garlic cloves, peeled and halved
- ¼ teaspoon each ground cumin, allspice and cinnamon, preferable Mexican canela
- 1 teaspoon dried oregano, preferably Mexican
- 4 cups chicken broth
- 2 tablespoons vegetable or olive oil
- 1 tablespoon powdered masa harina (Mexican corn “flour” for making tortillas – look for it in well-stocked groceries)
- 4 (1 pound total) boneless, skinless chicken thighs, cut into 1-inch cubes
- 6 ounces green beans, tops and tails broken off and cut into 2-inch pieces (you need about 2 cups)
- 2 large (1 pound total) chayotes, peeled (if you wish), pitted and cut into 1-inch cubes OR 4 medium (1 pound total) red-skin boiling or Yukon Gold potatoes, peeled (if you wish) and cut into 1-inch cubes
- 1 to 2 fresh hoja santa leaves, torn into 1-inch pieces OR ½ cup (or more) roughly chopped cilantro
In a blender jar, combine the torn guajillo chiles, tomatoes, onion, garlic, spices, oregano and 1 cup of the chicken broth. Blend until as smooth as possible. (A food processor will work, but it won’t completely puree the chile.)
In a medium-large (4- to 6- quart) heavy pot, heat the oil over medium-high. Set a medium-mesh strainer over the top and pour in the chile mixture; press the mixture through the strainer into the hot oil. Cook, stirring, until the mixture is reduced to the consistency of tomato paste, about 5 minutes.
Whisk the masa harina into the remaining 3 cups broth, then pour into the cooked chile mixture. Whisk until the sauce comes to a boil and thickens to the consistency of a light cream soup. Reduce the heat to medium-low. Add the chicken, green beans, chayote or potatoes and 1 teaspoon salt. Simmer gently, stirring regularly, for about 20 minutes, until all the chicken and vegetables are tender.
Add the hoja santa or cilantro, then taste and season with salt, usually between ½ and 1 teaspoon, depending on the saltiness of your chicken broth, and serve.
Riffs on Yellow Mole:
Because I have such respect for kitchen tradition (and because of the fact that I’ve already taking a few liberties here with this recreated classic), I’m hesitant to go much further. I will say, however, that a seafood version of yellow mole is one of my favorite things in the world. When the vegetables have cooked for 10 minutes, in place of the chicken add a dozen or so scrubbed clams or (debearded) mussels and about 12 ounces firm-fleshed fish fillets (like halibut, bass or grouper) cut into about ¾-inch pieces. In Oaxaca, they also make a much thicker version of this sauce (they would add the equivalent of about 6 tablespoons of masa harina versus the 2 I’ve called for here) to use as a filling for what they call empanadas: They press out a corn tortilla from the prepared corn masa and lay it on a griddle to brown lightly, then flip it and top it with a spoonful of the thick sauce, a few shreds of cooked chicken and a big piece of hoja santa leaf. After folding it in half, they cook the empanada on the griddle until toasty and aromatic.
© 2009 Rick Bayless
Nutritional information is based on 1/8 teaspoon added salt per serving.